The pros and cons are listed in this prostate cancer article. The prostate gland is the size of a lemon fruit. This is an exocrine gland that is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate glands monitor the urine and the secretion of semen that comes out during orgasm. The fluid of the prostate glands helps to supply nutrition to the semen to enable it to perform its activities better. At the time of orgasm, a milky white substance is produced that tends to protect the semen and the sperms travel in it.
The contractions force the prostate to move the liquid to the urethra along with the sperms at the time of intercourse. Besides this, the prostate glands also help in controlling the urine output from the body by contracting and expanding whenever necessary. Prostate cancer is very hard to detect even by the doctors. Many men die in their old age unaware of the fact that they have been affected by prostate cancer.
The cancer cells develop in the glands and they can spread to the other parts of the exocrine system. It is generally diagnosed after an autopsy by the doctor. These are categorized into high grade and low-grade cell changes. The person who has high-grade prostate cancer will need the biopsy to be done later. This is because high grade means that there is more number of cancer cells. Let’s see the pros and cons of prostate cancer treatments.
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Treatments For Prostate Cancer
Some treatments are used to treat patients with prostate cancer. They have their advantages and disadvantages. They go well hand in hand. So a careful analysis is required to effectively estimate the type of treatment needed for the patient. This is done usually by a doctor. They are as follows :
1. Active Surveillance:
This method only employs the use of the regular monitoring of the patient. The doctor supervises the treatment of the patient.
- No exposure to radiation.
- No invasive or surgical procedures.
- It needs constant care and tests that likely help to understand the condition of the patients.
- It psychologically stresses the patient to be hospitalized for a long time.
2. Radical Prostatectomy:
This involves surgical methods to remove the cancerous tissues from the prostates.
- It reduces the death rates tremendously.
- It causes less urge for urines.
- The removed tissue helps to curb the risks of cancer.
- The recurrence of cancer is also stopped.
- The rectal or the bowel movements are also lessened than the effects of the laser treatments.
- It has more risks that threaten to affect the exocrine system of the body.
- The patient has to be hospitalized.
- The recovery period lasts more than a week.
- It causes stress.
- Most men suffer from erectile dysfunction.
3. External Beam Radiation Therapy:
The method involves the use of the lasers. It is very costly when compared to the other treatments to cure prostate cancer. It is the most preferred treatment according to the doctors as it helps to sort the problems within a short while.
- It does not involve the person to be hospitalized.
- No surgery is done on the person.
- Low chances of urine incontinence.
- Urine is not retained in those who have undergone this surgery.
- Follow up treatments are not necessary.
- Initially for about eight weeks, the person has to daily undergo treatments to restore the condition of the prostate to eradicate the side effects.
- The person may feel to be tired after the end of the treatment.
- The bladder of some people may start to irritate. It results in irritation and swelling in the bladder while trying to urinate.
- The problem of erectile dysfunction is also felt in some people. It is common in people who have undergone this treatment.
- At first the patient will feel bowel disorders and pains but they will generally vanish after the start of the treatment.
This treatment involves placing the radiation sources near the bladder to stop the cancer cells from spreading to the other healthy cells. This is the most sought after treatment. It is tedious but does not require long hours of treatment.
- It is the one-stop treatment that suffices for all the extra ones.
- The person need not be hospitalized.
- The tissues are not damaged due to the radiation.
- Urinary problems do not affect a person. The person can normally urinate after the restoration period.
- This does not involve any follow up treatment as it only removes the cancer cells from their place to restore healthy skin growth.
- It is not a suitable one for men who are prone to high-risk problems, that is if they have had any before.
- The problems of urinary retention, irritation, and volume are common as the effects of all other treatments.
Cryotherapy or cryoablation is a type of treatment where cancer cells are destroyed by using cold gases to freeze them. Multiple needles are directly inserted into the prostate through which the cold gases are sent. This then creates ice balls to destroy the prostate. It is generally used along with other types of treatment and is an option for early or recurring cancer.
- It is suitable for men with early or recurring cancer.
- The treatment is less invasive, similar to the surgical method of cancer treatment. This destroys the cancer cells with cold temperatures instead of using the incision method.
- It can help in slowing the growth of the cancer.
- It is known to be a less painful treatment than other types of treatment and has a shorter recovery time.
- There is no long term research on the effectiveness of this type of cancer treatment.
- It is not the first choice recommended by doctors.
- The method of freezing can cause pain or burning in the bladder and intestines.
- Several side effects are known to occur. These include fatigue, osteoporosis, and erectile dysfunction.
These are the pros and cons of the various treatments used in prostate cancer treatments. It is up to the doctor to administer the patient with the correct and proper treatment to eradicate prostate cancer.