Sunday, September 20

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education

The world we live in has become hyper-connected with the help of technology. Every aspect of human endeavor is virtual nowadays. Therefore, it is no surprise that technology has been infused into learning and education. Several have embraced the idea with enthusiasm while some remain skeptical with its objective. So, let us look at the advantages and disadvantages of technology in education.

THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

Educational technology, also known as EdTech or EduTech, is an area of technology that facilitates learning and improving educational performance through technological resources. For instance, several audio and visual tools like digital cameras, DVDs, projectors, webcams are examples of this technology. Collaborative learning is achieved with the help of devices like mobile phones, laptops, tablets, and other smart devices. Online social media websites like Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram can also be used to post thoughts and ideas that can be educational. These tools enhance and promote the cause of education. In short, the aim of educational technology is to bring learners, educators, and technical means together for a better learning experience.

Though educational technology is a niche field, it promises to be far-reaching in its impact and the possibilities are endless.

Know More – Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning

ADVANTAGES OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

Countless Resources

One of the biggest advantages of technology in education is that there is access to countless resources. There is the availability of huge amounts of information at one’s fingertips because of e-books, audio, images, and videos. With the advent of the internet and the World Wide Web, the opportunities for online formal learning has only increased. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC), online certificate courses, traditional online degree programs, webinars, podcasts, etc are just a few examples of the different learning opportunities that students and their like can access. Also, several websites like Google, YouTube, Khan Academy have free and unlimited access to up-to-date and relevant information available to everyone. Current events are also reported in real-time online formats and news sites. So, technology helps keep the constant flow of educational information. This benefits the students as well as educators.

Efficiency

Technology in education helps make learning more efficient. It can help streamline menial tasks like taking attendance, tracking grades, setting up projects, answering common student queries, and even have parent-teacher communications via emails. Engagement tools and automation can speed up time-consuming tasks. This helps the educator to work on better course materials as well as focus more on teaching.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education

Communication and Collaboration

There is scope for expansion of communication and collaboration due to technology in education. Earlier, education was limited to classroom learning between a teacher and their students. But now, with the help of technology students have the opportunity to experience newer ways of learning and communicating. For instance, collaborative group projects are a reality with the use of technological tools like Google docs. There are also possibilities of video conferences with experts as well as access to audio and visual information on any subject. There’s more active learning which fosters a collaborative approach between students, teachers, and other networks online. With the help of the information and course materials easily available online, students can engage in an ongoing cycle of learning.

Also, students can learn and understand concepts at their own pace. It is a great way of enhancing their learning abilities. Additionally, this hugely benefits students with disabilities to learn according to their comfort and ease.

Cost-Effective

Education will be overall cost-effective with the help of technology. With easier access to more resources, the costs of books and course materials will likely decrease. Online learning will also lower the cost of tuition due to lesser utility bills for physical teaching spaces and transportation costs for teachers and students alike.

Innovation

Technology in education is a powerful tool to make innovations in the field. There is a shift in the dynamics of learning with more responsibilities given to students for their learning. More interaction and group activities through technology and a complete revamp of learning spaces are achieved through the use of educational technology. It also allows schools and institutions to make learning fun through gamification of the curriculum. For instance, having regular quizzes, distribution of points and rewards, and other creative scenarios could help in engaging the students more as well as improve their grades exponentially. 

DISADVANTAGES OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

Distraction

As much as technology is a boon to making our lives easier, similarly it can also be a bane. One of the major disadvantages of technology in education is that it can be a distraction. For example, the constant usage of technological devices like mobile phones, laptops, tablets, and desktops can decrease a person’s concentration levels. It can be very easy for students to gravitate towards playing games or spending time on social media websites like Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook for entertainment. Also, websites monetize their sites through ads and pop-ups to attract the attention of its users. Therefore, restrictive measures and clear expectations should be set in place to avoid such distractions while online learning.

Over-Stimulation

The constant barrage of information that students are subjected to through electronic devices can overwhelm their way of thinking. Rapid access to a stream of sources from cell phones, laptops, and computers divides attention and can interfere with focusing and learning. Nowadays, children start using electronic devices very early on in their everyday lives. So, adding technology to their learning spaces will only increase their exposure to them. 

Security Concerns

Another concern with educational technology is security. Large amounts of personal data of children are routinely collected by educational institutes and educators. If the entire database of these institutions get online, there are chances of it being misused. More often than not, information is collected and stored online indefinitely. And this is sometimes without our knowledge as well. With this technology, it is possible to track not only participation, attendance history, and individual performance but also information like location data, search history, contact lists among other personal pieces of information. Above all, this is a very dangerous oversight that needs to be taken seriously.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education

No Equal Access to Technology

Everyone cannot afford access to any kind of technological device, let alone educational technology. In developing countries, over four billion people living in remote areas do not have access to the internet. Additionally, many students cannot afford laptops or computers due to several socio-economic reasons and poor living environment. Hence, this can be a barrier for these students to access online learning activities, assignments, and other technologic tools.

Health Impacts

Overexposure to computers, mobile phones, laptops, and other technological devices can negatively impact the health of students. It includes poor eyesight, body pains and stiffness, fatigue, and constant stress. Similarly, prolonged sitting without any exercise can cause muscle fatigue, obesity, and metabolism issues. Hence, increased dependency on technology negatively influences our regular functionality. 

To sum up, technology in education is a concept that has its benefits as well as shortcomings. But with its optimal use, it can definitely change the dynamics of educational learning. 

Know More – Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Media During Coronavirus Pandemic

Pros and Cons of Technology in Education

PROS

CONS

Countless Resources

Distraction

Efficiency

Over-Stimulation

Communication and Collaboration

Security Concerns

Cost-Effective

No Equal Access to Technology

Innovation

Health Impacts