Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology

Evolution is a continuous process. Humans evolved from smaller, simpler organisms into the creatures that they are today. But they won’t always stay that way. Up until a few centuries ago, this evolution was purely biological. But now, it is technological. And in the case of humans, technology has played and will play a monumental role in that. But like all things under the sun, technology also has various advantages and disadvantages.


In literary terms, technology can be defined as the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives. In practical terms, it can be defined to be everything non-biological around us. The tools we use to cook our food, to travel, to communicate, to work, to study. It is all technology.


It can be considered to have originated with the development and use of basic tools. From there on, it went on to become the devices we use today. These include computers, airplanes, mobile phones, internet, cars, et cetera. The earliest stone tools were emerged approximately 75,000 years ago. The discovery of fire was a turning point in the technological evolution of humankind. It a simple energy source with many profound uses. Evidence suggests that the domestication of fire occurred before 1 Ma. It allowed humans to cook their food, create heat on their own, and many more things.

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Clothing and shelter were also invented during the Paleolithic era. Medieval technology included complicated tools, such as the wheelbarrow, windmills and clocks that were made by combining simple machines like levers and screws.  The Renaissance brought forth many of these innovations, including the printing press, and technology became increasingly associated with science, beginning a cycle of mutual advancement.


It would be a lie to say that it is possible for humans to be completely detached from technology. It has infiltrated every single part of our lives. No matter how simple of a life someone lives, they cannot escape technology. Whatever someone’s daily routine is, they use technology every step of the way. The alarm that we use to wake up is technology. So are the clothes that we wear and the bed that we sleep on. All the facilities that we use to get ready for the day, to get our destination, to study, to work are technology.

Advantages of Technology


Technology has given humans the ability to communicate with each other. It has eliminated time and distance as obstacles in communication. Firstly, the invention of pen and paper allowed humans to communicate with people that lived far away from them. In the beginning, people would write on papyrus or parchment. This not only allowed them to communicate over distance, but also across time. This allowed them to document their experiences. They are the source of our knowledge of our history. Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876. However, invention of the telephone was the culmination of work done by many individuals. Italian innovator Antonio Meucci is credited with inventing the first basic phone in 1849, and Frenchman Charles Bourseul devised a phone in 1854.

Telephones changed the way that humans communicated. It allowed them to communicate with people living far way almost instantaneously. A long while after this came the idea of emails. They allowed people to send not just messages, but send images, files, and documents. Then came video calling. Video calling allowed people to have face to face interactions while sitting hundreds of miles away. Years into the development of communication technology, and we live in a world surrounded by and running of social media communication.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology
The first telephone call was made on March 10, 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson.

New Professions

It would not be exaggeration to say that technology is the reason that professions exist today. No matter what profession you think of, it wouldn’t have existed if not for technology. Hunting? Possible because of tools like spears and arrows. Cooking? Possible because of fire. Teaching? Possible because of books. From the simplest of professions to the most difficult ones, technology has made them possible.

Ease of Work

Another benefit of technology is that has made our work lives extremely easy. This is true for almost all professions. However, this has proved to be more helpful in some fields than others. No matter how basic or complicated that profession is, advancement in technology has allowed these fields to become even easier. For instance, in fields that require mathematics (such as engineering) the time taken to perform calculation has been drastically reduced. Computer programmer Margaret Hamilton wrote codes for landing astronauts on the moon for the first time on 20 July 1969. The pile of codes that she hand-wrote was almost as tall as her. Because of technology, such lengthy codes do not have to be written by hand anymore. This not only reduces the burden on works, but also reduces the time required to do such work.

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Improved Healthcare

For a lot of people, improved healthcare is the greatest result to come from technology. Better medicine has completely wiped out the fear of some life-threatening illnesses of the past. Vaccinations have allowed diseases like polio, smallpox, and measles to be eradicated from various countries. Better equipment has allowed doctors to provide more comprehensive care. Better treatments have increased the quality of life of a number of different people suffering from long-term illnesses. The scope of qualified technicians and physicians has largely increased, allowing more options with safe results. It has also made health care more accessible for people.

Disadvantages of Technology


A major disadvantage of technology is that humans are becoming more and more dependent on it. As it has advanced, it has made things easier for them. However, the downside to this is that it has made them unwilling and incapable of doing hard things. The simplest example of this is communication. With landlines, people had to either remember or note down important phone numbers. However, with the advent of mobile phones, that is not required. All phone numbers are stored within the phone and there is no need to remember them. In an ideal situation, this is insignificant. However, if one is lost, it becomes really difficult to get help. On the same idea, humans are incredibly dependent on technology for navigation. No one has to remember routes anymore, Google Maps can take care of that. This also makes getting help in an emergency situation really difficult.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology
Out of the 33 developed countries in the world, 32 have universal health care.

Prone to Exploitation

Another problem that has arisen with technology is that is has made it really easy for people to be exploited. Their privacy can be violated just by hacking their phones, their money can be extracted just by stealing their bank details. Additionally, technology has also made both of these things easy as well.

Loss of Jobs

The modernisation of industries has also become a problem for a number of people. Earlier, industries used to be labour-intensive. For example, farming required many tasks to be done by people. Different people were needed for different jobs. The land had to be ploughed, seeds has to be sown, then the crop had to be harvested. This ensured jobs for many people. Now, a single machine can do all these jobs. In the production industry, hundreds of people were employed to make cars, clothes, furniture, et cetera. But now, machinery has taken their place. This is even bigger a problem in developing and under-developed countries.

Pros and Cons of Technology





New professions

Prone to exploitation

Ease of work

Loss of jobs

Improved healthcare


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Rhythm Bhatia