Sunday, October 25

Advantages and Disadvantages of Python

Python is a high-level, interpreted, and general-purpose dynamic programming language. It was founded by developer Guido Van Rossum in the year 1991. This programming language has been garnering a lot of attention from programmers due to its code readability and easy syntax. It has a comprehensive and large standard library that has automatic memory management and dynamic features. Python has been giving tough competition to the old programming languages namely Java, C, and C++. 

The language has undergone a lot of changes since its inception 25 years ago. Many new features have been to make it more user friendly. The Python 1.0 had the module system of Modula-3 and interacted with the Amoeba Operating System with varied functioning tools. Python 2.0 was introduced in the year 2000 and had features of the garbage collectors and Unicode Support. The version Python 3.0 was introduced in the year 2008 and had a constructive design that avoids duplicate modules and constructs. Python 3.5 is the latest version with more added features. 

Before you dive into any programming language, it is important to be thorough with its every advantage and disadvantage. You should be aware of its functions and how it can benefit you in the long term. In this article, we will learn about the pros and cons of this modern-day programming language known as Python. 

Advantages of Python

Extensive Libraries

Python language comes with an extensive library that is loaded with a lot of codes for various purposes like regular expressions, documentation-generation, unit-testing, web browsers, threading, databases, CGI, email, image manipulation, and more. Many of the highly used programming codes are already written which reduces the length of the code. 

Extensible

It is an object-oriented programming language that can be extended to other languages. This means that you write some parts of your code in other programming languages like Java, C, C++, or VB. This is extremely useful while implementing a real-life project. The reverse of this is equally true. Along with being extensible, Python is embeddable too. You can put your Python code in the source code of other languages. 

Increase in Programmer’s Productivity

Owing to its simple syntax and an extensive set of libraries, you can get more things done in less amount of time. Also, there is very little to learn in this language as it is very simple and easy. This in turn increases productivity when compared to other programming languages. 

Open Source

The language is available on the net for free and you can download it from any browser. Not only that, but you can also download its source code, make changes in it according to your will and distribute it. Also, it is downloaded with an extensive set of libraries that come handy when you are working on a long project. 

Portable

Generally, if you code your project in a certain language, you may need to make changes in it while trying to run it on some other platform. But the same is not the case with Python. Once written you can run it anywhere provided that the code doesn’t include any system-dependent features. This is called Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA). 

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Disadvantages of Python

Underdeveloped Database Access Layers

As compared to popular technologies like JDBC and ODBC, Python’s database access layer is a bit underdeveloped and primitive. This means that the language can’t be applied in the enterprises that interact with loads of complex data on a daily basis.

Speed Limitations

Python works on an interpreter instead of a compiler. This means that the code is executed line by line which causes it to slow down. This can be a major disadvantage for the projects that need high-speed execution of their code. 

Run-time errors

This modern-day programming language is dynamically-typed. Thus, you don’t need to declare the data type of your variable while writing the code. It uses the concept of duck-typing. However, it can cause many design restrictions for programmers. Though it is easy on the programmers during coding, it can raise run-time errors. Also, the language requires more testing time when compared to others. 

Too simple

Though this might sound funny, it is actually true that the easy syntax of Python is its disadvantage. The Python programmers become so accustomed to its features and its extensive libraries that they face problems while learning the syntaxes of other languages. Python experts may see the declaring of cast “values” or variable “types”, syntactic requirements of adding curly braces or semicolons as an onerous task.

Weak in Mobile Computing

Python has made its presence on a lot of server-side platforms but it is rarely seen on client-side platforms. Also, the app developers rarely use this language for making smartphone-based applications as it isn’t very secure. Carbonnelle is an example of one such mobile application that is built on Python. 

At last, we would like to conclude that just like any other development, Python too had its own benefits and shortcomings. If you can compromise on issues like speed, run-time errors, and security, then it is a great language to learn. It is very popular among the new-age developers owing to its being free, easy, interpreted, object-oriented, extensible, embeddable, portable, and readable. 

PROS CONS
Extensive Libraries

Underdeveloped Database Access Layers

Extensible Speed Limitations
Increase in Programmer’s Productivity Run-time errors
Open Source Too Simple
Portable

Weak in Mobile Computing