Sunday, October 25

Advantages and Disadvantages of Electric Cars

Electric cars, popularly known as EVs, have increasingly been making headlines in recent months. Though it is a relatively new concept in the automobile industry, it is giving a tough competition to the traditional gas cars. An electric car is an automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy stored in rechargeable batteries. The vehicle uses a large traction battery pack to power the electric motor and must be plugged into a charging station or wall outlet to charge. Because it runs on electricity, the vehicle emits no exhaust from a tailpipe and does not contain the typical liquid fuel components, such as a fuel pump, fuel line, or fuel tank. The first practical electric cars were produced in the 1880s. 

Though Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular among the buyers, it has a few shortcomings too due to which many drivers aren’t sure whether switching from a gasoline-powered car to an electric car is the right move for them to make. Before making any purchase, you should be well versed with the pros and cons of electric vehicles so you can determine whether they are right for you or not. 

Electric Cars

Advantages of Electric Cars

Environment Friendly

One of the biggest advantages of electric vehicles is that they are eco friendly and helpful in keeping the air cleaner and the planet healthier. As compared to their alternatives, electric cars do not contain any exhaust system which is emitting greenhouse gases in the earth’s environment. One of the prime reasons for EVs becoming extensively popular these days is their ability to not causing any harm to the environment and not contributing to air pollution. 

Less Expensive

As electric cars run on electricity instead of gas, they are cheaper. Electricity is less expensive than Gas and this can help you save money in the long run. On average, an American pays nearly 15 cents a mile while driving a gasoline-powered car. On the other hand, you can drive a mile for just 5 cents with electric vehicles. 

Low Maintenance Cost

Unlike gas-powered cars, in electric cars, you don’t have to bear the expense of oil changes or maintenance of the combustion engine. Also, the brakes of the electric vehicles tend to last longer when compared to gas vehicles. That only adds to the cost savings of choosing an electric car rather than one that uses gasoline. 

Less Noise Pollution

Apart from air pollution, electric cars also help in curbing noise pollution as they are nearly silent in nature. This is no secret that engines of gas cars make lots of noise, especially during rush hours. In fact, Electric cars tend to be so quiet that the United States legislators have proposed that the cars should be fitted with some noise-making devices so that the pedestrians can be aware of the fact that a car is approaching them. 

Lower Taxes

Not only you save money in the form of maintenance costs but also the government provides some relaxation in tax to those who chose to buy an electric vehicle. It is a kind of benefit the government gives to citizens for buying a car that creates zero emissions. The credit varies based on the make and model of the car, but it can reach up to $7,500. You can speak with a tax specialist to learn more about any tax credits that might be available to you on the state or federal level.

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Electric Cars

 

Disadvantages of Electric Cars

Short Ranges for Driving

One of the biggest shortcomings of electric cars is its short range. It can be problematic for consumers who have to drive for longer distances. Once your car is fully charged, many electric models can drive only 60 to 100 miles. However, some models offer somewhere between 200 and 300 miles after a full charge.

Time Consuming

Charging electric vehicles can consume a lot of your time. If you are operating a gasoline-powered car, you only need to pull up into a gas station and it hardly takes a few minutes to fill the tank. However, the same is not the case with electric cars. Many electricity-powered cars can take nearly a day to fully recharge which can be troublesome for the daily commuters. 

High Purchase Cost

The idea of owning an electricity-powered vehicle can cause a big dent in your pocket. Even the most affordable electric car brands are priced around $30,000 to $40,000. However, if you wish to own a luxury electric car, then you are definitely in for a shock after looking at the price sticker. At present, the luxury EVs are priced somewhere around $80,000 or even more. Though the companies are trying to cut down the cost of the electric vehicles, chances are that you may end up paying $10,000 to $50,000 more for an EV than for a gas-powered car.

Availability of Charging Stations

As compared to the gas stations, the charging stations for electric vehicles are sparsely located in the country. Though in a large city where many consumers have been opting for EVs the charging stations are more widespread, you can be in trouble if you decide to visit in a rural or suburban area. 

Fewer Choices

The market today has way more electric cars than it ever has before but they are still very less when compared to the options available for gasoline-powered cars. Also, there are fewer ways to customize and choose the aesthetics of your EV. This is especially true when you consider the huge amount of customization available with traditional cars.

PROS CONS

Environment Friendly

Short Ranges for Driving

Less Expensive

Time Consuming

Low Maintenance Cost

High Purchase Cost

Less Noise Pollution

Availability of Charging Stations

Lower Taxes

Fewer Choices