Sunday, October 25

Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is more than a buzzword that is thrown around by computer enthusiasts and scientists. It is a branch of Computer science that lays stress on the development of intelligent machines that think and work like humans. Everything can be considered Artificial intelligence if it involves a program doing something that we normally think would rely on the intelligence of a human.

The term artificial intelligence was invented by John McCarthy in the year 1950. He had said, “Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions, and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves.”

Everything in excess is dangerous and so is the case with Artificial Intelligence. 

Artificial intelligence

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

Error-free

A human mind is bound to make mistakes. However the same is not the case with computers. With Artificial Intelligence, machines make decisions based on previous data records and observations by applying a certain set of algorithms. As a result, the chances of error are considerably reduced. They are programmed to give the best possible assistance to the users. 

Doesn’t wear out easily

They are more efficient while doing laborious tasks as they don’t get tired easily. They are programmed to function for a long period of time. Humans need rest from time to time for the proper functioning of their bodies. This is where machines get an edge as they don’t wear out or need rest and can work for hours.

Reduces risk factor

There are many jobs like going to mars, defusing a bomb, exploring the deepest parts of oceans, mining for coal, and oil where the safety of humans can be at stake. This can be overcome by making AI machines that can effectively replace humans. They can do risky jobs and reach places humans can’t reach. Also, they can be helpful in providing aid at the places hit by natural or man-made disasters. 

Rational decision maker

Machines do not have emotions and can’t be biased while making a decision or doing some tasks. Unlike humans, they behave rationally in all situations as they make decisions on the basis of past situations and previously fed data. The best example of this is its usage in healthcare. The integration of AI tools in the healthcare sector has improved the efficiency of treatments by minimizing the risk of false diagnosis.

Repetitive Jobs

Repetitive jobs that are monotonous in nature and do not add significant value can be accomplished using machines programmed with artificial intelligence. The repetitive jobs can include sending a thanking mail, verifying certain documents for errors, performing calculations, and many more things. Using computers we can easily carry out these mundane tasks and humans can indulge themselves in something more productive and creative. 

Know More: Advantages and Disadvantages of Space Exploration

AI

Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

High Cost

Programming the machines with Artificial Intelligence requires a lot of money and hard work. Along with the installation cost, the maintenance and repair cost is quite high too. As there is daily a new development or invention, the software programs need to be updated accordingly. So that they can cater to the needs of the changing environment. Thus, having AI machines or robots can cause a big dent in your pocket and not many can afford it. 

Lacks emotions

AI machines do not know about ethics or moral values. They are fed with algorithms that help them make decisions and they work accordingly. However, unlike humans, they lack emotional sensitivity. Also, they don’t know what is legal or illegal and can be easily used for doing ethically wrong tasks. 

Unemployment

One of the biggest disadvantages of using machines programmed with artificial intelligence is that they cause unemployment. As the machines are deployed for doing tasks that were earlier done by humans, it has resulted in a decrease in human-intensive requirements in some industries. The major issue of the GDP being stagnant or not growing at the expected rate is unemployment. Studies suggest that if humans do not add more value to their skills in the future, then they would easily be replaced by machines. 

Lacks creativity

With machines at work, you can’t expect some creative or out of the box ideas. They only work on the basis of what is taught and commanded to them. Though they are useful, they can’t match the standards of the human brain as it is more creative and sensitive. Just working with AI machines without a human brain can stagnate the growth of a particular industry as it won’t be coming up with new ideas or inventions. 

No improvement

Unlike humans, AI machines don’t gain experience with time. As a result, they don’t improve themselves and can end up doing the same thing again and again if no different command is given to them. With time, it can lead to wear and tear. It stores a lot of data but the way it can be accessed and used is different from human intelligence. Also, they can be in trouble when any new problem arises in front of them as they don’t have a brain to think and come up with new ideas like humans. 

At last, we can conclude that AI and robotics will improve the way we think, the way we explore new horizons, whether space or the ocean. But at the same time, they can prove to be a threat to human life. Though the ‘rise of the robots’ is done to keep up with the growing necessities of humans, reports suggest that artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it goes into the wrong hands. All being said, it is up to the readers on how they perceive these new changes and innovations.

PROS CONS
Error-free High Cost
Doesn’t wear out easily Lacks Emotions
Reduces risk factor Unemployment
Rational decision maker Lacks creativity
Repetitive Jobs No Improvement