A laptop is a personal computer that can be easily carried to a number of locations. It is also called as a portable personal computer. It can run the same set of software and set of files as that of a desktop computer. A laptop has a built in monitor, keyboard, touch pad and speakers and can be powered from a rechargeable battery. It was first invented by British designer Bill Moggridge. Laptop is used widely due to its portable nature.
Advantages of Laptop
The laptop can be carried anywhere. You can work on your laptop at home or office as per your convenience. It can also be used during traveling where you can attend to your client meeting. As they are light in weight, they can be easily carried to any place.
Gets more work done
As laptop can be carried anywhere, your time is not wasted. For example, an office worker can go through his mails during long commuting hours by train or a student can finish his homework in the breaks between two lectures.
Usually carrying a laptop means your ticket to instant access to information, be it personal or professional. It leads to better collaboration between the co-workers or students as laptop can be used to present a problem or its solution anytime, anywhere.
The problem of synchronization arises when you use more than one computer for your work at different locations. The problem can be resolved by the physical transfer of files using USB stick or CDS or even using the synchronization software available on internet. However, using the same laptop anywhere avoids the problem entirely as the files remain in a single laptop only and will not change irrespective of wherever you work.
Lower power consumption
Laptops are highly power efficient and only uses 10-30 W of electricity. This is particularly beneficial for businesses that use hundreds of laptops in their offices. A charged laptop can be used for few hours irrespective of whether electricity supply is available or not.
Disadvantages of Laptop
The laptops are difficult to upgrade due to its integrated design. The only parts that can be upgraded are hard disk and memory as these are the only parts that are accessible to user. It is very difficult to repair it, as it can be repaired only by a certified engineer and requires sophisticated tools. As every laptop has its own proprietary design and construction, they are difficult to upgrade and have high maintenance cost.
The laptops are costly as compared to PC, as the smaller components required by the laptop comes costly.
Difficulty in customization
The laptop does not offer any option for customization according to ones requirements. The laptop only gives the access to the computer’s memory and hard drive, the other components such as processors, graphics cards and cooling system are not easy to access and replace. So, when one of the laptop’s non-customization components become obsolete then you will have to buy a new laptop to keep up with the technology.
The laptops are generally stolen due to its heavy cost. The thieves may misuse the stolen business data or personal data that may prove to be very dangerous. Hence, both the physical protection of laptops and safeguarding of data is highly important.
Prolonged use of laptop can cause RSI due to their flat keyboard and track pad pointing devices. The integrated screen of the Laptop often causes the users to hunch for a better view that can cause neck or spinal injuries.
Due to its high portability laptops are subject to more wear and tear. Laptop components such as screen hinges, latches, and power jacks are prone to deteriorate gradually due to ordinary use.